定义结构体

#ifndef Struct_h
#define Struct_h

struct INFO
{
    int value;
};
struct Linklist {
    INFO info;
    struct Linklist* next;
};

#endif

定义函数列表

#ifndef func_h
#define func_h

struct Linklist* Create(struct INFO info);
struct Linklist* Get(struct Linklist* head, int de);
void CopyInfo(INFO* out, INFO* in);
int Length(struct Linklist* head);
int Insert(struct Linklist* head, struct INFO info, int de);
int Add(struct Linklist* head, struct INFO info);
int Delete(struct Linklist* head, int de);
void Print(struct Linklist* ctl);
void PrintAll(struct Linklist* head);
void Destroy(struct Linklist* head);
void BubbleSort(struct Linklist* head);
void SelectSort(struct Linklist* head);
void InsertSort(struct Linklist* head);
void QuickSort(struct Linklist* head, struct Linklist* tail) ;

#endif

主要操作函数

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include"struct.h"
#include"func.h"

struct Linklist* Create(struct INFO info) {
    struct Linklist* head;
    if ((head = (struct Linklist*)malloc(sizeof(struct Linklist))) == NULL) {
        return NULL;
    }
    CopyInfo(&head->info, &info);
    head->next = NULL;
    return head;
}

struct Linklist* Get(struct Linklist* head, int de) {
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    if (de < 0)return NULL;
    while ((de--)&&ctl!=NULL)ctl = ctl->next;
    return ctl;
}

void CopyInfo(INFO* out, INFO* in) {
    out->value = in->value;
}
int Length(struct Linklist* head) {
    int len = 0;
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    while (ctl != NULL) {
        ctl = ctl->next;
        len++;
    }
    return len;
}

int Insert(struct Linklist* head, struct INFO info, int de) {
    if (de<0 || de>Length(head))return -1;
    struct Linklist* ins;
    if ((ins = (struct Linklist*)malloc(sizeof(struct Linklist))) == NULL) return -2;
    CopyInfo(&ins->info, &info);
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    while (de--)ctl = ctl->next;
    ins->next = ctl->next;
    ctl->next = ins;
    return 0;
}

int Add(struct Linklist* head, struct INFO info) {
    return (Insert(head, info, Length(head) - 1));
}

int Delete(struct Linklist* head, int de) {
    if (de<0 || de>Length(head))return -1;
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    if (de == 0) {
        head = head->next;
        free(ctl);
        return 0;
    }
    while ((de--) - 1)ctl = ctl->next;
    ctl->next = (ctl->next)->next;
    free(ctl->next);
    return 0;
}

void Print(struct Linklist* ctl) {
    printf("%d\n", ctl->info.value);
}

void PrintAll(struct Linklist* head) {
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    while (ctl != NULL) {
        Print(ctl);
        ctl = ctl->next;
    }
}

void Destroy(struct Linklist* head) {
    struct Linklist* ctl = head->next;
    struct Linklist* p = head;
    while (ctl != NULL) {
        p = ctl;
        ctl = ctl->next;
        free(p);
    }
    free(head);
}

void BubbleSort(struct Linklist* head) {
    int len = Length(head);
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    for (int i = 0; i < len ; i++) {
        ctl = head;
        for (int j = 0; j < len - i - 1 ; j++) {
            if (ctl->info.value > ctl->next->info.value) {
                int temp = ctl->info.value;
                ctl->info.value = ctl->next->info.value;
                ctl->next->info.value = temp;
            }
            ctl = ctl->next;
        }
    }
}

void SelectSort(struct Linklist* head) {
    struct Linklist* ctl=head;
    int len = Length(head);
    struct INFO max;
    for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        ctl = head;
        max.value = head->info.value;
        int a = len;
        int pos = 0;
        for (int j = 0; j < len - i; j++) {
            if (max.value < ctl->info.value) {
                max.value = ctl->info.value;
                pos = j;
            }
            ctl = ctl->next;
        }
        struct Linklist* temp_1 = Get(head, pos);
        struct Linklist* temp_2 = Get(head, len-1-i);
        struct INFO temp = temp_1->info;
        temp_1->info = temp_2->info;
        temp_2->info = temp;

    }
}

void InsertSort(struct Linklist* head) {
    struct Linklist* ctl = head;
    struct Linklist* a = NULL, * b = NULL;
    for (int i = 0; i < Length(head); i++) {
        a = Get(head, i);
        for (int j = i - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
            b = Get(head, j);
            if (a->info.value > b->info.value) {
                b->next = a->next;
                a->next = b;
            }
            else {
                b->next = a;
            }
        }
    }
}

void QuickSort(struct Linklist* head, struct Linklist* tail) {
    if (head!=tail) {
        int key = head->info.value;
        struct Linklist* p = head;
        struct Linklist* q = head->next;
        while (q != tail) {
            if (q->info.value < key) {
                p = p->next;
                int temp = p->info.value;
                p->info.value = q->info.value;
                q->info.value = temp;
            }
            q = q->next;
        }
        int temp = p->info.value;
        p->info.value = head->info.value;
        head->info.value = temp;
        QuickSort(head, p);
        QuickSort(p->next, tail);
    }
}

主函数(示例)

#include <iostream>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include"func.h"
#include"struct.h"
int main()
{
    INFO input;
    int n = 0;
    scanf_s("%d", &n);
    scanf_s("%d", &input.value);
    struct Linklist* in = Create(input);
    for (int i = 1; i <= n - 1; i++) {
        scanf_s("%d", &input.value);
        Add(in, input);
    }
    QuickSort(in,NULL);
    PrintAll(in);
    Destroy(in);
}

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